Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women

November 1, 2022

Pelvic pain in women can be mild or severe, depending on the cause, and sometimes require a visit to an emergency room near you for assistance. The treatment of pelvis pain will also depend on the cause, and some of the common causes include:

1. Menstrual Cramps

Cramps can be caused by the uterus contracting, muscle spasms, or the cervix dilating. The contractions that occur during ovulation lead to this buildup of blood.

2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It can affect the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus. PID is most common in sexually active women between 15 and 25 years old but can also occur at any age.

The symptoms of PID include:

  • Pain or tenderness in your lower abdomen
  • Vague lower back pain that lasts for more than two weeks

Shoulder-shoulder pain that comes on suddenly and goes away within a few hours to days (this may seem like an unrelated problem).

3. Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are small collections of fluid, usually ovum and surrounding tissue. They can form without a cause or as a result of an existing condition such as endometriosis or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

The lower abdomen is the primary symptom, and it begins on one side and moves to the other over several weeks. The pain may feel like a knife going through your pelvis, but it may also feel like pressure around your bladder or uterus.

4. Endometriosis

This is when the endometrial tissue grows outside of it, usually on other body parts.

It is often diagnosed when you’ve had pelvic pain for a long time without any obvious cause. It is characterized by pelvic pain that feels like menstrual cramps but doesn’t come at regular intervals during each cycle. It may also feel like something else in addition to this (like lower backache or hip pain), but all these symptoms tend to go away when you’re not menstruating.

Endometriosis pain can be severe, especially during menstruating, and it is crucial to visit an emergency room for assistance.

5. Pelvic congestion syndrome

Pelvic congestion syndrome can cause abdominal bloating, pelvic pain, and fatigue. It may also lead to headaches, mood swings, and abdominal aches. You should see a doctor if you experience pelvic pain for more than six months. A pelvic examination may not detect inflammation, but the doctor may do an ultrasound or other imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis.

If you’re experiencing persistent abdominal pain, you should consult a doctor. This causes the veins to enlarge and cause pain. A doctor should evaluate the situation to determine what causes pelvic congestion syndrome.

6. Pelvic Girdle Pain?

Pelvic girdle pain is caused by several problems affecting the pelvic area. It is often associated with pain in the sacrococcygeal joint, pubic symphysis, or sacroiliac joints.

Pelvic girdle pain is most often worse at night. It is aggravated by turning over in bed or moving your legs apart. Pelvic Girdle pain is often experienced during pregnancy, and one in five women will experience it. While the pain is typically mild and can be relieved with rest, it can worsen over time, especially if it doesn’t get treated.

7. Pubic Symphysis

If you are experiencing pain in your pubic region, it may indicate that you have pubic symphysis.

Fortunately, there are some non-medication treatment options for this condition. These include heat and ice packs. Physical therapy may also be beneficial. Localized massage can also be used to treat pubic symphysis pain.

8. Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy

Pelvic pain during pregnancy is a common condition, but there are a variety of causes. The most common cause is an infection, such as a urinary tract or gastrointestinal infection. The most important thing to do if you’re experiencing pelvic pain during pregnancy is to see a physician. Your healthcare provider can order tests and other tests to determine the cause of your discomfort.

When to Go to the ER for Pelvic Pain

While many women experience painful periods during the first few days of menstruation, severe pain should be investigated as it may indicate a gynecological condition. A gynecological condition that can cause intense pain is endometriosis. Ovarian cysts or infections can also cause it. If your pain is persistent or worsens, you should immediately visit a 24-hour ER in Houston. Visit Memorial Heights Emergency Center for assistance when you have severe pelvic pain.

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